School Logo

Elmhurst School

An Academy of the Great Learners Trust

Reading Instruction (Years 2 - 6)

Reading Instruction

Pupils in Year 3 through to Year 6 (and those without Phonics gaps in Year 2) are taught reading skills through Reading Instruction lessons: objectives are taken from our Reading Progression document which is based on the National Curriculum.  In addition to these lessons, children are regularly heard read on an individual basis, reading is woven throughout the curriculum, we share stories/class readers with pupils daily, and we promote a culture of reading across the school.


We ensure that all our children have access to a wide variety of stories, poems, rhymes and non-fiction texts written by a range of ethnically diverse authors.  This is carefully mapped out across the school and linked to our Talk for Writing and Project Guerrilla curriculums.  


Teachers in Years 2 to 6 use the Elmhurst Reading Progression document to plan their Reading Instruction lessons.  The Reading Progression document clearly identifies the objectives which need to be taught, provides rationale for teaching these and gives suggestions for how these may be taught.  The Reading Progression document gives teachers clarity of what each objective should look like in each year group.  

Reading Instruction is taught in the following way:


Stage 1 | Without Text

  • Teacher heavily models reading strategy using pictures, photos, paintings, animation, film clips etc. (Visual).
  • This enables all children to access the learning without text as a barrier and gives pupils the confidence to learn the strategy creatively focusing on oracy.
  • Teachers model their own metacognitive processes as 'active readers'.  
  • Teacher clues the children into important learning objectives.


Stage 2 | Class Text

  • Section of class text extract is shared; this is an aspirational text which the pupils will learn to read and understand as the learning takes place.
  • Teacher models the reading strategy explicitly using the class text.
  • Children practice strategies in the safety of the whole class and begin to contribute ideas.


Stage 3 | Question Answer Relationship

  • Teaching remains focused around the whole text.
  • Questions types: Literal, Inference and Evaluative
  • Teachers support pupils to ensure success and mastery of the reading skill.
  • Pupils apply their new knowledge and deepen their skills as they work in small groups/pairs.
  • Pupils given opportunities to problem solve, negotiate and think alongside peers.
  • Pupils given a variety of question formats (orally before written - they must be able to verbally answer the questions in full sentences before moving onto written responses).


Stage 4 | Independence and Creative Literacy

  • Pupils given the opportunity to independently practice and apply their skills.
  • Teachers engage pupils in creative aspects of reading linked to strategy taught.


Page last updated: 21/03/22